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cartilage damage removed from the knee. man-made pieces are then placed within the knee.

These items are also placed in the following places within the knee joint:

Lower finish of the thigh bone -- This bone is termed the leg bone. The replacement half is typically made from metal.

The upper finish of the shin bone, which is that massive bone in your lower leg -- This bone is termed the leg bone. The replacement half is typically made up of metal and strong plastic.

The back side of your kneecap -- Your kneecap is termed the patella. The replacement half is usually made up of strong plastic.

You do not get any feeling or pain during the surgery. you may have one of these 2 kinds of anesthesia:

General anesthesia -- this suggests you may be asleep and unable to feel pain.

Regional anesthesia -- medicine is placed into your back to form you numb below your waist.
You may also get medicine to make you sleepy. And you may get medicine that may make you forget about the procedure, even though you're not asleep.

After you receive anesthesia, your operating surgeon can create a cut over your knee to open it up long. Then your operating surgeon will:

Move your kneecap out of the means, then cut the ends of your thigh bone and shin bone to suit the replacement part.

Cut the face of your kneecap to organize it for the new items that may be attached there.
Fasten the 2 components of the corrective to your bones.

One half is connected to the top of your thigh bone and therefore the different half is connected to your shin bone.

The items may be connected using bone cement or screws.

Attach the underside of your kneecap. A block of special bone cement is used to connect this half.
The surgical cut repairs your muscles and tendons around the new joint and closes.
The surgery takes about a pair of hours.

Most artificial knees have both metal and plastic elements. Some surgeons currently use completely different materials, including metal on metal, ceramic on ceramic, or ceramic on plastic.

Why the Procedure Is Performed
The most common reason to own a knee replaced is to relieve severe arthritis pain. Your doctor could suggest hinge joint replacement if:

You are having pain from knee arthritis that keeps you from sleeping or doing traditional activities.
You take care and cannot walk
Your knee pain has not improved with alternative treatment.
You understand would surgery and recovery
knee joint replacement is done. Younger those that have a knee joint replaced may place additional stress on the femur knee and cause it to wear out early and not last as long.

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 Published date:

December 5, 2022

 Modified date:

December 8, 2022


Tamil Nadu



 City area:



TOSH(Trauma & Orthopaedic Speciality Hospital), #72, Ormes Road,, Kilpauk, Chennai,



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